Sunday Rosanna gave us a snapshot of 1 and 2 Kings and shared the
story of Naaman. Today I am going to back up to look at the transfer
of prophethood from Elijah to Elisha. Someone read this passage this
week and asked me, “What in the world can you say about this
story?” My answer was, it poses some important questions to
The actual call of Elisha is in I Kings 19:19-21. God instructed
Elijah to anoint Elisha as his successor. Listen to the story.
19 So Elijah went from there and found Elisha son of Shaphat. He
was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen, and he himself was driving
the twelfth pair. Elijah went up to him and threw his cloak around
him. 20 Elisha then left his oxen and ran after Elijah. “Let
me kiss my father and mother goodbye,” he said, “and
then I will come with you.”
“Go back,” Elijah replied. “What have I done
21 So Elisha left him and went back. He took his yoke of oxen and
slaughtered them. He burned the plowing equipment to cook the meat
and gave it to the people, and they ate. Then he set out to follow
Elijah and became his servant.
What was that? I tried to find a commentary to explain some of
the unfamiliar symbolism. Did Elijah and Elisha know each other
prior to this meeting? What was significant about throwing his cloak
over Elisha? When Elijah asked “What have I done to you,”
what did he mean? Was he saying like Jesus, “Nothing else
takes precedence over my call, not even family”? Or was Elijah
saying, “Whatever! Do what you want, it’s nothing to
me!” And then the sacrifice feels a little over the top to
me, but it was probably Elisha’s way of showing God and Elijah,
“I’m all in!” Then he takes off to become Elijah’s
Now we can skip to II Kings 2. The way the story is told and the
repetitious number “three” sounds a little like a folk
tale. Three times Elijah said, “I’m called out of town;
why not stay where you are?” Three times Elisha insisted,
“I’ll never leave you!” Three times local prophets
warned Elisha that Elijah was going away. Three times Elisha replied,
“I know—be quiet!”
After the three side trips, Elijah and Elisha finally reached the
Jordan River. Elijah struck the water with his cloak, the waters
parted, and they walked across on dry land. Knowing time was short,
Elijah offers Elisha a gift. “Tell me what I can do for you
before I leave.” Elisha asks for a double portion of his spirit.
Elijah’s response sounds passive, “Whatever [my words]!
If you see me go, you will get your wish; if you don’t see
me go, you won’t.” A chariot and horses of fire came
down from heaven. A whirlwind separated them, and Elijah was lifted
up to heaven. In the process, Elijah’s mantle fell to the
Elisha cried out, “Father, father!” and ripped off
his clothes. Eventually, he picked up Elijah’s mantle and
went back to the Jordan River. As if to test his “double dose,”
he struck the water with Elijah’s mantle, and the waters parted.
Elisha crossed the Jordan to become the new minister prophet, to
pass on to Israel what God revealed to him.
The following chapters of 2 Kings tell a series of miracle stories.
You may be familiar with some of these:
1. A widow’s husband died, and the creditors were coming
for their money. The widow panicked and asked Elisha, “What
shall I do? I am poor—I don’t have any money.”
Elisha said, “What do you have?” “Just a little
oil,” she replied. Elisha instructed her to go to the neighbors
and get all the jars they would give her, and then fill the jars
with her small amount of oil. The oil kept pouring until all the
jars were full. Elisha told her to sell the oil and pay her debt.
2. The next story is about the Shunamite woman who recognized Elijah
as a holy man, and offered him food and lodging every time he came
to her town. She even added a room onto the house just for him.
Elisha learned that the woman could not bear children, so Elisha
told her in one year she would have a child. The baby was born and
grew. Suddenly, one day the child died. Elijah brought the boy back
3. Next is the Naaman story that Rosanna told last week.
4. There are stories about a lengthy and devastating famine that
took place, and stories about God providing for the Israelites.
There is also a gruesome story of two mothers arguing over sacrificing
their babies to survive.
5. Eventually the stories morph into political legends, where it
seems that God is messing with the political armies to bring Israel
out on top.
Let’s go back now to II Kings 2 and look at the two important
First: “Why not stay where you are?”
Three times Elisha was asked this question. Each time he answered
“I will never leave you.”
This is a question for the church. Crossing the Jordan means leaving
old ways of thinking and embracing new patterns of ministry. We
may prefer not to change when real action is moving on. Do we stay
where we are or move on with a double dose of the Spirit? I read
a sermon called “Good to go,” and some of the thoughts
I will share come from this anonymous author. “There is a
vast network of tradition that invites us to stay put.” There’s
the nostalgia of familiar music, the comfort of a homogeneous group,
or the assumption that our style of Christianity is the right, or
at least right for us. Jonathan Shively reminded us in a district-sponsored
workshop that we keep stubbing our toes when we rest on the success
of what once worked and keep trying to make it work again. Judy
DePue noted in a Connection report of the workshop, “The church
is not the unchanging place of stability, God is.”
An article in Current thoughts and trends shares this story. “In
Africa, missionaries Alejandro and Bertha Ortiz reach a Muslim population
by ministering to them in what has become known as “Jesus
mosques.” Muslim converts to Christianity “leave their
shoes at the door, ritually wash their hands and feet, and kneel
and pray on reed mats five times a day.” But this is not an
Islamic mosque, and thus there are some significant differences.
When they pray, they face Jerusalem, not Mecca. They worship Jesus
Christ and read and study the Bible. This is a powerful method of
reaching a vast segment of the world’s population without
“removing them from their traditional culture.” Jesus
mosques are springing up now throughout the Middle East and Asia.”
This challenge to stay or go is not for the church alone, but for
all of us who struggle to be faithful along the journey. God comes
to us with a unique offer. The second question is:
Second, “What I can do for you?”
“What an incredible offer! The check is blank and God suggests
that we fill it in. Elisha asked for a double dose of his spirit,
and he received it. Likewise, God’s double dose can empower
us to go beyond the nostalgia of yesterday into the opportunities
of tomorrow, beyond myth into reality, beyond the old ways of doing
business to new inventive ways of faithful discipleship.”
The church must move on, just as culture moves on. Kevin Graham
Ford makes this point using coffee as an example. “In an agrarian
economy, farmers grew coffee and traded the beans for other products.
In a product economy, farmers learned to grind the beans, package
the grounds and sell them at the local store. In a service economy,
customers could sit at a counter and be served a cup of coffee.
In today’s economy, a $4 cup of cappuccino is served in pleasant
surroundings with soft music, books and magazines.” Ford writes,
“Barnes & Noble and Starbucks know consumers want more
than products and services—they want an experience.”
“People yearn for something—anything--that offers authentic
experiences not rooted in the past, but stretching to the future.
An authentic church thinks about how to help people experience the
presence of God on the deepest levels. The church is situated in
a unique moment in history; it is able to offer what it does best—authentic
experiences of the holy and the divine!” Wearing the mantle
of the Holy Spirit can make us an authentic church with authentic
When asked “Why not stay where you are?” Elisha answered,
“I will never leave you.” So let me ask you this question.
“Why not stay where you are?” And you respond, “I
will never leave you.”
When Elijah asked Elisha, “What can I do for you before I
leave?” Elisha answered, “Give me a double dose of your
spirit.” Let me ask you this second question. God says, “What
can I do for you?” And you respond, “Give me a double
dose of your spirit.”